Automatic Control China Industrial Coal Steam Boiler

Automatic Control China Industrial Coal Steam Boiler

The heat loss of exhaust smoke is the largest of all kinds of heat loss in boiler. Generally, the heat loss of exhaust smoke is 6% of the heat fed into the furnace, and the heat loss of exhaust gas increases 0.5% when the temperature of exhaust gas increases by 12 ℃ and 15 ℃. So the exhaust temperature is one of the most important indicators of boiler operation. The following are several possible causes of increased flue gas temperature in the furnace: (1) slagging and ash accumulation on the heated surface. No matter it is the slag accumulation in the water-cooled wall of the furnace, or the ash deposition in the superheater, convection tube bundle, economizer and preheater, the thermal resistance of the flue gas measurement will increase, the cooling effect of the flue gas will become worse due to the deterioration of the heat transfer, and the exhaust temperature will rise. (2) excess air coefficient Big. Under normal conditions, the exhaust temperature increases with the increase of excess air coefficient at furnace outlet. After the increase of excess air coefficient, although the amount of smoke increased, the rate of smoke increased, and the convection heat increased, the increase of heat transfer was not as much as that of the increase of flue gas. It can be understood that after the increase of smoke speed, the flue gas leaves the heating surface without time to transfer heat to the working fluid. (3) the air leakage coefficient is too large. The flue gas leakage in the furnace and rear shaft of a negative pressure boiler is inevitable and the leakage coefficient allowed by a certain heating surface is specified. When the air leakage coefficient increases, the effect on the exhaust temperature is similar to that of the superheated air coefficient. And the air leaks away. The closer the furnace is, the greater the influence on the rise in exhaust temperature. (4) Water supply temperature. When the steam turbine load is too low or the high pressure heater is out of line, the feed water temperature of the boiler will be lowered. Generally speaking, if the fuel quantity is kept constant, the heat transfer temperature difference of the economizer decreases and the heat absorption of the economizer decreases when the feed water temperature is increased, which makes the exhaust temperature increase. (5) moisture in the fuel. The increase of moisture in the fuel increases the amount of smoke, thus increasing the exhaust temperature. (6) Boiler load. Although the boiler load increases proportionally, the amount of smoke, the amount of steam, the amount of water supplied, and the volume of air increase proportionally, however, the flue gas temperature at the furnace outlet increases proportionally. Increase, so that the exhaust temperature increased. After increasing the load, the outlet temperature of the furnace increases, the heat transfer temperature difference of the convection heating surface increases and the heat absorption increases. Therefore, the more the convection heating surface is, the less the influence of the boiler load on the exhaust gas temperature is. (7) fuel varieties. When the low calorific value gas is fired, the radiative heat transfer in the furnace decreases due to the decrease of furnace temperature, and the non-combustible components in low calorific value gas, mainly N _ 2, CO _ 2 and H _ 2O, increase the amount of flue gas, so the exhaust temperature increases. Although the excess air coefficient of furnace outlet is lower than that of coal burning, the ash content in the fuel oil is very low after the pulverized coal furnace is changed to burn oil, although the excess air coefficient at the furnace outlet is lower when burning oil. There is no larger ash particle in flue gas, and there is no cleaning effect of larger ash particle on the heating surface, and the convection heating surface is polluted more seriously. Therefore, combustion is not good, often smoke-emitting boiler smoke temperature rise. When there is a steel ball dust removal device at the tail, the exhaust temperature is slightly lower than that of burning coal because the tail is cleaner. (8) the operation mode of pulverizing system. For a closed pulverizing system with a silo, when the pulverizing system is in operation, as a part of the water in the fuel enters the furnace, the furnace temperature decreases and the flue gas increases, and the cold air leaking into the pulverizing system enters the furnace as a primary air during the operation of the pulverizing system. Reduction of air flow through air preheater To raise the exhaust temperature. On the contrary, when the pulverizing system is shut down, the exhaust temperature decreases.

Check Item item hot water boiler hot water boiler comprising a boiler inspection and checking internal use preparations, checking in the furnace and the flue, the boiler attachment check, check automatic control system, the secondary device, check the combustion device, the auxiliary heat check the surface of the hot water boiler must be done before running some tests, these tests are quite a lot of us, it is possible because of our neglect and causing very serious consequences. Therefore, we must forestall, be sure to carefully check the following before the hot water boiler operation. 1, including the use of internal inspection and boiler ready. 2, inspection, and furnace fouling and debris inside the flue in the furnace and flue should be cleaned. Flue duct and damper, the shutter must be complete and compact, flexible switch, opening and closing accurately indicated. 3, check the boiler accessories, check the safety accessory is intact; cock is rotating flexible, easy to use; all kinds of instruments and controls should be complete, good, clean. After passing the examination, should the gauge cocks in working condition. 4, check the automatic control system. 5. Check the accessory device. 6, inspection of the combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus is intact inspection; mechanical transmission system, coal handling system, the ballast system test switch normally; spring-loaded safety level of a gearbox should be appropriate, well lubricated; coal shutter indicate the correct scale. iron eagle neat, well, turn the ballast plates full, flexible movement. 7, the auxiliary heating surface of the inspection, check the auxiliary device (fan, blower, pump, etc.) are firmly connected coupling; proper belt tension triangle; oil should be good enough; cooling water flow. After passing the examination, installed security guard, respectively, commissioning, and note the current when idling. It is fed out of the hot water boiler heat equivalent to a mass per hour (usually expressed in tons) in water was heated from 20 ℃ and heat output of all vaporized into a automatic control china industrial coal steam boiler water absorbed three expressions, in tons) water from 20 ℃ heated and vaporized into all heat absorbed by the steam boiler it is fed out of the hot water heat equivalent to a mass per hour (i.e. typically kcal / hr (kcal / h), tonnes / hour (t / h ), megawatt (MW). (1) kcal / h is in metric units of expression, which represents the heat of hot water boiler fed out per hour. (2) t t borrowed steamed steam boiler popular argument, ( 3) megawatts (MW) is the international system of units unit of power, the basic unit is W (1MW = 106W). this expression formal documents should be used.

A number of national influence energy consumption automatic control china industrial coal steam boiler coal to natural gas has been vigorous work, it should be transported steam boiler, very big eliminate the dust pollution, discharge of toxic gases and secondly nitric oxide, also got curb. Energy consumption is crucial mark measuring steam boiler, a good start and that is that work together to explore under the influence of a number of cases the energy consumption of steam boilers. Through the investigation of the persons concerned, the loss of heat from steam boilers bear the main two areas: combustion air-fuel ratio does not smoke emissions standards-related heat loss. Reduction of heat loss will install smoke emission in the flue gas heat recovery steam boiler terminal fitting, or should be transported more leading type condensation recovery boiler. Combustion air-fuel ratio standard fault summary: a conventional steam boiler burner ejector type, formed air-fuel ratio can not occur motorized adjustment. Some of the steam boiler with a mechanical blower burner, causing air-fuel ratio standard there are several aspects later: the main air-fuel ratio standard case encompass fall into two categories: air flow when exceeded, there will be an endless excess cold heat transfer, resulting in high energy cost of steam boilers, steam boilers reduced energy consumption; when the airflow is not enough, will have not exactly lit, the energy consumption caused by steam boiler weakened.

Industrial production is inseparable from boilers, emission control of atmospheric pollutants boiler air pollution control in Shanghai to expand and intensify the focus of the project. Currently, Shanghai Industrial boilers alternative clean energy has been completed, nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions of major pollutants as a boiler, the boiler due mostly low shelf emission source of ambient air near the ground and ozone greater PM2.5 influence, therefore, this release the new standard, the boiler will be low-nitrogen transformation, improve Shanghai air quality, protect people's lives and health and other aspects demand a strong thrust of great significance. Throughout the country, Beijing, Tianjin and other places have started low-nitrogen transformation boilers for low-nitrogen transformation has a more mature technology reserves. Based on the above considerations, for the effective control of NOx emissions from boilers, to further deepen cooperative control of PM2.5 and ozone, according to the standard first, to further accelerate the transformation of governance principles, it is necessary once again to revise the standard boiler.

According to local environmental standards and revision procedures, the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau held a meeting to hear the relevant departments, enterprises and the opinions and suggestions of experts, and in 2017 August 4 to September 15 in the online open standard full text to solicit public opinion. At the same time the Ministry of Ecology Environment solicit written opinions Municipal Development, City Commission by letter and other related commissioned Bureau, industry organizations and boilers, production units and other enterprises. Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau and the Municipal Quality and Technical Supervision on January 19, 2018 organized the expert technical review meeting, the panel agreed that standards through technical review. Approval by the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau and the Municipal Quality and Technical Supervision audit report to the municipal government.

The new standard has been revised for several aspects, one is no longer on the "central heating boiler and the nominal amount of evaporation less than 65t / h boiler cogeneration" provisions alone time; the second is to simplify the original class standard boiler merged into " gaseous fuel boiler "and" boilers "categories; are three different degrees of contamination tightened limits particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides; four new boiler is implemented from the date of implementation of this standard, the boiler given a transition period of about two years.

New standards for gaseous fuel boiler particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are applied strict limits, but mainly considering the control of nitrogen oxide emissions, and further improve air quality. In the transition period boiler (1 October 2020) to limit nitrogen oxide 150mg / m³; after a transitional period of 50mg / m³. Date of implementation of new boiler nitrogen oxides from standard starting execution 50mg / m³ limit. Taking into account the comprehensive utilization of straw in Shanghai, biomass fuel boilers follows the standards of the original project control and limit requirements.

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